Administration of Bowel and Antibiotics Preparation In accordance with published guidelines,15 the protocol needed initiation of 1 of the following antibiotic regimens within 60 minutes before incision: cefazolin plus metronidazole, cefoxitin, or ciprofloxacin plus metronidazole or clindamycin. Dosing was predicated on bodyweight, and the drugs weren’t to be continuing for more than a day after medical procedures. Preoperative oral antibiotics weren’t required but could be added to the systemic antibiotic prophylaxis: oral neomycin plus oral erythromycin or oral neomycin plus oral metronidazole.15 The use of topical antibiotics, other than the gentamicin in the sponge, was prohibited in patients assigned to receive the sponge randomly.The fallout from Moon’s confession: 28 content in various journals published by Informa had been retracted, and one editor resigned. An editor at one of the journals published by Sage Publications became suspicious, sparking a comprehensive and lengthy investigation, which resulted in the retraction of 60 articles in July 2014. At the final end of 2014, BioMed Central and other publishers alerted the international Committee on Publication Ethics to new types of systematic attempts to manipulate journals’ peer-review processes. According to a statement published on COPE’s website in January 2015, these efforts to hijack the scholarly review system were apparently orchestrated by organizations that 1st helped authors compose or enhance their scientific articles and sold them favorable peer evaluations.4 BioMed Central conducted a comprehensive investigation of most their recently published content articles and identified 43 which were published based on evaluations from fabricated reviewers.